Skip to main content
Displaying 1 of 1
Where is it?
Large Cover Image
Trade Reviews
Library Journal Review
James Madison (1751-1836) was a prominent participant in the American Revolution and the framing of the U.S. Constitution and also served as Secretary of State and President of the United States. Rakove, Coe Professor of History and American Studies at Stanford University and a Pulitizer Prize-winning historian, offers an extensive volume of Madison's essays, speeches, and private memoranda from the Revolution and Articles of Confederation through his post-Presidential activities. The book's scope distinguishes it from similar one-volume efforts and allows us a broader view of Madison's thinking than presented in The Federalist. The chronological order helps readers examine different periods of Madison's thought, e.g., his Federalist Papers expound a theory of an extended republic and a general theory of separation of powers. Larger public and academic libraries will find Rakove's presentation useful for readers' understanding of Madison, whose writings are significant in advancing key ideas central to the American Republic.ÄSteven Puro, St. Louis Univ. (c) Copyright 2010. Library Journals LLC, a wholly owned subsidiary of Media Source, Inc. No redistribution permitted.
Over 200 years after the founding of the federal republic, James Madison remains the most important political thinker in American history. The prime framer of the Constitution and the Bill of Rights, Madison was also a brilliant expositor of the new republican government and its underlying principles. His eloquent and insightful writing on freedom of religion, freedom of speech and the press, the rights of minorities under majority rule, the role of the states in the federal system, and the separation of powers are central to American political thought and speak to the controversies of the present day.

Arranged chronologically, this Library of America volume contains 197 essays, addresses, speeches, private memoranda, and letters written between 1772 and 1836. Included are all twenty-nine of Madison's contributions to The Federalist , as well as revealing letters and speeches from the Constitutional Convention, the crucial Virginia ratifying convention, and the first federal Congress that illuminate his central role in framing and ratifying the Constitution and adopting the Bill of Rights. Early letters from the Revolution and the Confederation record Madison's strong commitment to religious freedom, his acute observations on the weaknesses of the Articles of Confederation, and the beginning of his historic political collaboration with Thomas Jefferson.

Selections from the 1790s include eloquent denunciations of the Alien and Sedition Acts and candid private appraisals of George Washington and John Adams. Writings from his terms as secretary of state and president record his determination to uphold American independence during the conflicts of the Napoleonic era and his leadership of the nation during the fiercely controversial War of 1812. Letters and memoranda from his retirement demonstrate his opposition to nullification and secession, his illusory hopes for African colonization as a solution to the dilemma of slavery, and his deepening concern over the sectional threat to the federal union he loved. James Madison: Writings includes a chronology of Madison's life, an essay on the texts, explanatory notes, and an index.

LIBRARY OF AMERICA is an independent nonprofit cultural organization founded in 1979 to preserve our nation's literary heritage by publishing, and keeping permanently in print, America's best and most significant writing. The Library of America series includes more than 300 volumes to date, authoritative editions that average 1,000 pages in length, feature cloth covers, sewn bindings, and ribbon markers, and are printed on premium acid-free paper that will last for centuries.
Table of Contents
The Revolution and the Confederation, 1772-1787
To William Bradford, November 9, 1772p. 3
To William Bradford, January 24, 1774p. 5
To William Bradford, April 1, 1774p. 7
Amendments to the Virginia Declaration of Rights, May 29-June 11, 1776p. 10
To Thomas Jefferson, March 27, 1780p. 11
To Thomas Jefferson, April 16, 1781p. 13
Observations on State Territorial Claims, May 1, 1782p. 14
Memorandum on Conversation Regarding the Continental Army, February 20, 1783p. 16
Speech in the Continental Congress on Revenue, February 21, 1783p. 17
To Edmund Randolph, May 1783p. 20
To Lafayette, March 20, 1785p. 24
Memorial and Remonstrance Against Religious Assessments, c. June 20, 1785p. 29
To James Monroe, August 7, 1785p. 36
To Caleb Wallace, August 23, 1785p. 39
To George Washington, December 9, 1785p. 47
To James Monroe, March 19, 1786p. 50
To Thomas Jefferson, August 12, 1786p. 52
To James Monroe, September 11, 1786p. 59
To George Washington, December 7, 1786p. 59
To Edmund Pendleton, February 24, 1787p. 61
To Thomas Jefferson, March 19, 1787p. 63
Vices of the Political System of the United States, April 1787p. 69
To George Washington, April 16, 1787p. 80
Framing and Ratifying the Constitution, 1787-1789
The Virginia Plan, May 29, 1787p. 89
Speech in the Federal Convention on Factions, June 6, 1787p. 92
Speech in the Federal Convention on the Revisionary Power, June 6, 1787p. 94
To Thomas Jefferson, June 6, 1787p. 95
Remarks in the Federal Convention on the Senate, June 7, 1787p. 98
Remarks in the Federal Convention on the Power to Negative State Laws, June 8, 1787p. 99
Speech in the Federal Convention on the New Jersey Plan, June 19, 1787p. 101
Speech in the Federal Convention on the General and State Governments, June 21, 1787p. 108
Speech in the Federal Convention on the Senate, June 26, 1787p. 110
Speech in the Federal Convention on Relations Among the States, June 28, 1787p. 112
Speech in the Federal Convention on the Danger of Dissolution, June 29, 1787p. 115
Speech in the Federal Convention on Divisions Between the States, June 30, 1787p. 117
Speech in the Federal Convention on the Proposed Compromise on State Representation, July 5, 1787p. 120
Speech in the Federal Convention on Apportioning Representation, July 11, 1787p. 121
Speech in the Federal Convention Opposing Equal Representation in the Senate, July 14, 1787p. 123
Remarks in the Federal Convention on Electing the Executive, July 17, 1787p. 125
Speech in the Federal Convention on Electing the Executive, July 19, 1787p. 127
Speech in the Federal Convention on Impeachment, July 20, 1787p. 128
Speech in the Federal Convention on Ratification, July 23, 1787p. 129
Speech in the Federal Convention on Electing the Executive, July 25, 1787p. 130
Speech in the Federal Convention on Suffrage, August 7, 1787p. 132
Speech in the Federal Convention on Control of Congressional Elections, August 9, 1787p. 134
To Thomas Jefferson, September 6, 1787p. 135
To George Washington, September 30, 1787p. 137
To George Washington, October 18, 1787p. 140
To Thomas Jefferson, October 24, 1787p. 142
To George Washington, November 18, 1787p. 158
The Federalist No. 10, November 22, 1787p. 160
The Federalist No. 14, November 30, 1787p. 168
The Federalist No. 18, December 7, 1787p. 174
The Federalist No. 19, December 8, 1787p. 180
The Federalist No. 20, December 11, 1787p. 186
To Edmund Randolph, January 10, 1788p. 190
The Federalist No. 37, January 11, 1788p. 194
The Federalist No. 38, January 12, 1788p. 202
The Federalist No. 39, January 16, 1788p. 211
The Federalist No. 40, January 18, 1788p. 218
The Federalist No. 41, January 19, 1788p. 226
The Federalist No. 42, January 22, 1788p. 235
The Federalist No. 43, January 23, 1788p. 243
The Federalist No. 44, January 25, 1788p. 252
The Federalist No. 45, January 26, 1788p. 260
The Federalist No. 46, January 29, 1788p. 266
The Federalist No. 47, January 30, 1788p. 273
The Federalist No. 48, February 1, 1788p. 281
The Federalist No. 49, February 2, 1788p. 286
The Federalist No. 50, February 5, 1788p. 291
The Federalist No. 51, February 6, 1788p. 294
The Federalist No. 52, February 8, 1788p. 299
The Federalist No. 53, February 9, 1788p. 304
The Federalist No. 54, February 12, 1788p. 310
The Federalist No. 55, February 13, 1788p. 315
The Federalist No. 56, February 16, 1788p. 321
The Federalist No. 57, February 19, 1788p. 326
The Federalist No. 58, February 20, 1788p. 332
The Federalist No. 62, February 27, 1788p. 338
The Federalist No. 63, March 1, 1788p. 345
To Eliza House Trist, March 25, 1788p. 353
Speech in the Virginia Ratifying Convention in Defense of the Constitution, June 6, 1788p. 354
Speech in the Virginia Ratifying Convention on Direct Taxation, June 11, 1788p. 366
Speech in the Virginia Ratifying Convention on Taxation, a Bill of Rights, and the Mississippi, June 12, 1788p. 380
Speech in the Virginia Ratifying Convention on the Militia, June 14, 1788p. 385
Speech in the Virginia Ratifying Convention on Control of the Military, June 16, 1788p. 388
Speech in the Virginia Ratifying Convention on the Slave Trade Clause, June 17, 1788p. 391
Speech in the Virginia Ratifying Convention on the Judicial Power, June 20, 1788p. 393
Speech in the Virginia Ratifying Convention on Ratification and Amendments, June 24, 1788p. 401
To Alexander Hamilton, June 27, 1788p. 407
To Alexander Hamilton, July 20, 1788p. 408
Observations on the "Draught of a Constitution for Virginia," c. October 15, 1788p. 409
To Thomas Jefferson, October 17, 1788p. 418
To Edmund Randolph, November 2, 1788p. 423
To Edmund Randolph, November 23, 1788p. 425
To George Eve, January 2, 1789p. 427
To Edmund Randolph, March 1, 1789p. 429
Congress and the Republican Opposition, 1789-1801
Speech in Congress on Presidential Titles, May 11, 1789p. 433
Speech in Congress on the Removal Power, May 19, 1789p. 434
Speech in Congress Proposing Constitutional Amendments, June 8, 1789p. 437
Speech in Congress on Presidential Removal Power, June 16, 17, 1789p. 453
To Edmund Pendleton, June 21, 1789p. 465
Remarks in Congress on Proposed Constitutional Amendments, August 15, 1789p. 467
Remarks in Congress on the "Most Valuable Amendment," August 17, 1789p. 470
To Richard Peters, August 19, 1789p. 471
Memorandum on Colonizing Freed Slaves, c. October 20, 1789p. 472
To Thomas Jefferson, February 4, 1790p. 473
To Benjamin Rush, March 20, 1790p. 477
Remarks in Congress During Debate on Militia Bill, December 16, 1790p. 478
Speech in Congress on Religious Exemptions from Militia Duty, December 22, 1790p. 478
Speech in Congress Opposing the National Bank, February 2, 1791p. 480
To Thomas Jefferson, May 12, 1791p. 490
Population and Emigration, National Gazette, November 21, 1791p. 492
Consolidation, National Gazette, December 5, 1791p. 498
Dependent Territories, National Gazette, December 12, 1791p. 500
Public Opinion, National Gazette, December 19, 1791p. 500
Government, National Gazette, January 2, 1792p. 501
Charters, National Gazette, January 19, 1792p. 502
Parties, National Gazette, January 23, 1792p. 504
Universal Peace, National Gazette, February 2, 1792p. 505
Government of the United States, National Gazette, February 6, 1792p. 508
Spirit of Governments, National Gazette, February 20, 1792p. 509
Republican Distribution of Citizens, National Gazette, March 5, 1792p. 511
Fashion, National Gazette, March 22, 1792p. 513
Property, National Gazette, March 29, 1792p. 515
The Union: Who Are Its Real Friends?, National Gazette, April 2, 1792p. 517
Memorandum on Washington's Retirement, May 1792p. 519
To George Washington, June 20, 1792p. 524
A Candid State of Parties, National Gazette, September 26, 1792p. 530
Who Are the Best Keepers of the People's Liberties?, National Gazette, December 22, 1792p. 532
To Thomas Jefferson, June 13, 1793p. 534
"Helvidius" No. 1, August 24, 1793p. 537
To Thomas Jefferson, September 2, 1793p. 546
To Dolley Payne Todd, August 18, 1794p. 550
Speech in Congress on "Self-Created Societies," November 27, 1794p. 551
To James Monroe, December 20, 1795p. 553
Speech in Congress on the Jay Treaty, March 10, 1796p. 558
Speech in Congress on the Jay Treaty, April 6, 1796p. 568
To Thomas Jefferson, December 19, 1796p. 581
To Thomas Jefferson, January 15, 1797p. 582
To Thomas Jefferson, c. February 18, 1798p. 584
To Thomas Jefferson, April 2, 1798p. 586
To Thomas Jefferson, May 13, 1798p. 588
Virginia Resolutions Against the Alien and Sedition Acts, December 21, 1798p. 589
To Thomas Jefferson, December 29, 1798p. 591
Foreign Influence, Aurora General Advertiser, January 23, 1799p. 592
Political Reflections, Aurora General Advertiser, February 23, 1799p. 599
Report on the Alien and Sedition Acts, January 7, 1800p. 608
To Thomas Jefferson, January 10, 1801p. 663
Secretary of State and President, 1801-1817
To Robert R. Livingston and James Monroe, July 29, 1803p. 671
To James Monroe, July 6, 1807p. 673
First Inaugural Address, March 4, 1809p. 680
Veto Message to Congress, February 21, 1811p. 683
To Thomas Jefferson, May 25, 1812p. 684
War Message to Congress, June 1, 1812p. 685
Second Inaugural Address, March 4, 1813p. 693
To John Nicholas, April 2, 1813p. 696
To John Armstrong, August 13, 1814p. 697
Memorandum on the Battle of Bladensburg, c. August 24, 1814p. 700
Memorandum on Armstrong's Resignation, August 29, 1814p. 703
To Wilson Cary Nicholas, November 26, 1814p. 706
Message to Congress on Peace Treaty, February 18, 1815p. 707
Seventh Annual Message to Congress, December 5, 1815p. 710
Veto Message to Congress, March 3, 1817p. 718
Retirement, 1817-1836
To Robert Walsh, March 2, 1819p. 723
To Robert J. Evans, June 15, 1819p. 728
To Spencer Roane, September 2, 1819p. 733
To Robert Walsh, November 27, 1819p. 737
Detached Memoranda, 1819?p. 745
To James Monroe, February 10, 1820p. 771
To Spencer Roane, May 6, 1821p. 772
To Spencer Roane, June 29, 1821p. 777
Jonathan Bull and Mary Bull, c. 1821p. 779
To Edward Livingston, July 10, 1822p. 786
To William T. Barry, August 4, 1822p. 790
To Edward Everett, March 19, 1823p. 794
To Thomas Jefferson, June 27, 1823p. 798
To Henry Lee, June 25, 1824p. 803
To Peter S. DuPonceau, August 1824p. 804
To Thomas Jefferson, February 8, 1825p. 807
To Thomas Jefferson, February 24, 1826p. 809
To Nicholas P. Trist, July 6, 1826p. 811
To Henry Colman, August 25, 1826p. 812
To Joseph Cabell, September 18, 1828p. 813
Speech in the Virginia Constitutional Convention, December 2, 1829p. 824
A Sketch Never Finished Nor Applied, 1830?p. 828
To Edward Everett, August 28, 1830p. 842
To James Robertson, March 27, 1831p. 852
To Jared Sparks, April 8, 1831p. 854
To Jared Sparks, June 1, 1831p. 857
To Mathew Carey, July 27, 1831p. 858
To Nicholas P. Trist, May 1832p. 859
To Andrew Stevenson, November 20, 1832p. 860
To Nicholas P. Trist, December 23, 1832p. 861
To William Cabell Rives, March 12, 1833p. 863
Advice to My Country, 1834p. 866
To George Tucker, June 27, 1836p. 867
AppendixThe Constitutionp. 871
Chronologyp. 893
Note on the Textsp. 914
Notesp. 924
Indexp. 951
Librarian's View
Displaying 1 of 1